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The most cited biological Institute in Russia *

Department of evolutional biochemistry

The departmend was found in 1965 by academician A.N. Belozersky headed it till 1972; after his death departmend was leaded by prof A.S.Antonov till 2008. After his death prof. Alexey V. Troitsky became chief.

Research areas

Molecular phylogenetics and evolutionary genomics of various groups of plants and animals.

Research results

Pointed since 2010

New data on molecular phylogenetics, evolutionary genomics and molecular biogeographics of various plants were obtained. Morphological traits distribution was compared with molecular phylogenetic trees and reappraisals of morphological criteria of relatedness were suggestred.

Hybrid origin of a liverwort Barbilophozia rubescens and a moss Podperaea baii was shown.

It was shown that divergence of allopatric isolated populations of salmon fishes with different level of reproductive isolation may be well followed using expressed sequences. The correlation of reproductive isolation extension and quantity of species-specific fractions in satellite DNA is established.

Close phylogenetic relatedness of of the freshwater amitochondriate amoeboflagellate Pelomyxa palustris with aerobic lobose amoebae was evident from 18S rRNA gene phylogeny. Phylogenetic analyses of combined SSU rRNA and actin sequence data for the three main groups of ‘‘Heliozoa’’ (Actinophryida, Centrohelida, and Desmothoracida) demonstrate the polyphyly of heliozoans and existence of the Rhizaria. Phylogenetic position of the enigmatic, multiflagellated protist Multicilia marina within Amoebozoa. Phylogenetic relationships of nematodes, nematomorphs, kinorhynchs, priapulids, and some other major groups of invertebrates were studied by 18S rRNA gene sequencing. Examination of the relationships among nematodes by 18S rRNA gene sequencing revealed paraphyly of the traditional Adenophorea and monophyly of a new group that may be named Chromadoria.

Nucleotide sequence of Neottia nidus-avis plastid genome was determined and compared with known plastid genomes. Acceleration of substitution accumulation rate in protein coding sequences was shown.

Floral transcriptome of two Fagopyrum species were sequenced. More than 15000 genes were annotated.

Wide distribution of TAS3-loci of ta-siRNA in mosses and their lack in Sphagnopsida and club-mosses was demonstrated.

Obtained results were published in 27 scientific articles and and were presented in 32 intra- and international conference reports.

Grants and Projects

11-04-02031 “Changes in structure and function of plastid genes in flowering plants under partial or complete loss of photosynthetic activity“ 2011-2013


Many important results were obtained in collaboration with:

  • Biological faculty, Moscow State University

  • Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics, Moscow State University

  • Botanical Garden, Moscow State University

  • Botanical Garden, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Institute for Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Botanical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Nees-Institute forBiodiversity of Plants, University of Bonn, Germany

  • Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, University of Britich Columbia, Vancouver, Canada


Educational activities

Prof. N.B.Petrov and V.V.Aleshin give a cource “Fundamentals of systematisc and phylogeny”. Prof. A.V.Troitsky gives a cource “Plant genosystematics”. Members of the department are ingaged in a practical training session on genosystematics.



Assistant employees

Department blog

Recent papers
  1. Morozov S.Y., Milyutina I.A., Bobrova V.K., Ryazantsev D.Y., Erokhina T.N., Zavriev S.K., Agranovsky A.A., Solovyev A.G., Troitsky A.V. (2015) Structural evolution of the 4/1 genes and proteins in non-vascular and lower vascular plants. Biochimie, 119: 125-136. >>

  2. Krasnova E.D., Kharcheva A.V., Milyutina I.A., Voronov D.A., Patsaeva S.V. (2015) Study of microbial communities in redox zone of meromictic lakes isolated from the White Sea using spectral and molecular methods. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K., 95 (8): 1579-1590. >>

  3. Fedosov V.E., Fedorova A.V., Ignatova E.A., Bobrova V.K., Troitsky A.V. (2015) RPS4 and NAD5 sequences indicate the polyphyly of ditrichaceae and parallelisms in the evolution of haplolepidous mosses. Mol. Biol., 49 (6): 890-894. >>

  4. Milyutina I.A., Ignatova E.A., Ignatov M.S., Goryunov D.V., Troitsky A.V. (2015) Structure of intergenic spacer IGS1 of ribosomal operon from Schistidium mosses. Biochem.-Moscow, 80 (11): 1485-1491. >>

  5. Mikhailov K.V., Tikhonenkov D.V., Janouskovec J., Diakin A.Y., Ofitserov M.V., Mylnikov A.P., Aleshin V.V. (2015) Primary structure of 28S rRNA gene confirms monophyly of free-living heterotrophic and phototrophic apicomplexans (Alveolata). Biochem.-Moscow, 80 (11): 1492-1499. >>

  6. Belevich T.A., Ilyash L.V., Milyutina I.A., Logacheva M.D., Goryunov D.V., Troitsky A.V. (2015) Metagenomic analyses of white sea picoalgae: First data. Biochem.-Moscow, 80 (11): 1514-1521. >>

  7. Goryunov D.V., Nagaev B.E., Nikolaev M.Y., Alexeevski A.V., Troitsky A.V. (2015) Moss phylogeny reconstruction using nucleotide pangenome of complete Mitogenome sequences. Biochem.-Moscow, 80 (11): 1522-1527. >>

  8. Baranova M.A., Logacheva M.D., Penin A.A., Seplyarskiy V.B., Safonova Y.Y., Naumenko S.A., Klepikova A.V., Gerasimov E.S., Bazykin G.A., James T.Y., Kondrashov A.S. (2015) Extraordinary Genetic Diversity in a Wood Decay Mushroom. Mol. Biol. Evol., 32 (10): 2775-2783. >>

  9. Markin N.V., Usatov A.V., Logacheva M.D., Azarin K.V., Gorbachenko O.F., Kornienko I.V., Gavrilova V.A., Tihobaeva V.E. (2015) Study of chloroplast DNA polymorphism in the sunflower (Helianthus L.). Russ. J. Genet., 51 (8): 745-751. >>

  10. Klepikova A.V., Logacheva M.D., Dmitriev S.E., Penin A.A. (2015) RNA-seq analysis of an apical meristem time series reveals a critical point in Arabidopsis thaliana flower initiation. BMC Genomics, 16: . >>

  11. Leushkin E.V., Logacheva M.D., Penin A.A., Sutormin R.A., Gerasimov E.S., Kochkina G.A., Ivanushkina N.E., Vasilenko O.V., Kondrashov A.S., Ozerskaya S.M. (2015) Comparative genome analysis of Pseudogymnoascus spp. reveals primarily clonal evolution with small genome fragments exchanged between lineages. BMC Genomics, 16: . >>

  12. Milyutina I.A., Ignatov M.S. (2015) Conserved motifs in the primary and secondary ITS1 structures of bryophytes. Mol. Biol., 49 (3): 348-357. >>

  13. Shubina E.A., Ponomareva E.V., Klimov A.V., Klimova A.V., Kedrova O.S. (2015) Repetitive DNA sequences as an indicator of the level of genetic isolation in fish. Mol. Biol., 49 (3): 358-368. >>

  14. Krylova E.M., Kamenev G.M., Vladychenskaya I.P., Petrov N.B. (2015) Vesicomyinae (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae) of the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench and adjacent abyssal regions. Deep-Sea Res. Part II-Top. Stud. Oceanogr., 111: 198-209. >>

  15. Evstafieva A.G., Garaeva A.A., Khutornenko A.A., Klepikova A.V., Logacheva M.D., Penin A.A., Novakovsky G.E., Kovaleva I.E., Chumakov P.M. (2014) A sustained deficiency of mitochondrial respiratory complex III induces an apoptotic cell death through the p53-mediated inhibition of pro-survival activities of the activating transcription factor 4. Cell Death Dis., 5: . >>

  16. Terekhanova N.V., Logacheva M.D., Penin A.A., Neretina T.V., Barmintseva A.E., Bazykin G.A., Kondrashov A.S., Mugue N.S. (2014) Fast Evolution from Precast Bricks: Genomics of Young Freshwater Populations of Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus. PLoS Genet., 10 (10): . >>


  18. Gusev O., Suetsugu Y., Cornette R., Kawashima T., Logacheva M.D., Kondrashov A.S., Penin A.A., Hatanaka R., Kikuta S., Shimura S., Kanamori H., Katayose Y., Matsumoto T., Shagimardanova E., Alexeev D., Govorun V., Wisecaver J., Mikheyev A., Koyanagi R., Fujie M., Nishiyama T., Shigenobu S., Shibata T.F., Golygina V., Hasebe M., Okuda T., Satoh N., Kikawada T. (2014) Comparative genome sequencing reveals genomic signature of extreme desiccation tolerance in the anhydrobiotic midge. Nat. Commun., 5: . >>

  19. Nuraliev M.S., Degtjareva G.V., Sokoloff D.D., Oskolski A.A., Samigullin T.H., Valiejo-Roman C.M. (2014) Flower morphology and relationships of Schefflera subintegra (Araliaceae, Apiales): an evolutionary step towards extreme floral polymery. Bot. J. Linnean Soc., 175 (4): 553-597. >>

  20. Krasnova E.D., Pantyulin A.N., Matorin D.N., Todorenko D.A., Belevich T.A., Milyutina I.A., Voronov D.A. (2014) Cryptomonad alga Rhodomonas sp (Cryptophyta, Pyrenomonadaceae) bloom in the redox zone of the basins separating from the White Sea. Microbiology, 83 (3): 270-277. >>

  21. Leushkin E.V., Sutormin R.A., Nabieva E.R., Penin A.A., Kondrashov A.S., Logacheva M.D. (2013) The miniature genome of a carnivorous plant Genlisea aurea contains a low number of genes and short non-coding sequences. BMC Genomics, 14: . >>

  22. Degtjareva G.V., Kljuykov E.V., Samigullin T.H., Valiejo-Roman C.M., Pimenov M.G. (2013) ITS phylogeny of Middle Asian geophilic Umbelliferae-Apioideae genera with comments on their morphology and utility of psbA-trnH sequences. Plant Syst. Evol., 299 (5): 985-1010. >>

  23. Ozerova L.V., Krasnikova M.S., Troitsky A.V., Solovyev A.G., Morozov S.Y. (2013) TAS3 genes for small ta-siARF RNAs in plants belonging to subtribe senecioninae: Occurrence of prematurely terminated RNA precursors. Mol. Genet. Microbiol. Virol., 28 (2): 79-84. >>

  24. Shubina E.A., Nikitin M.A., Ponomareva E.V., Goryunov D.V., Gritsenko O.F. (2013) Comparative Study of Genome Divergence in Salmonids with Various Rates of Genetic Isolation. Int. J. Genomics, 2013: . >>

  25. Huttunen S., Bell N., Bobrova V.K., Buchbender V., Buck W.R., Cox C.J., Goffinet B., Hedenaes L., Ho B.C., Ignatov M.S., Krug M., Kuznetsova O., Milyutina I.A., Newton A., Olsson S., Pokorny L., Shaw J.A., Stech M., Troitsky A., Vanderpoorten A., Quandt D. (2012) Disentangling knots of rapid evolution: origin and diversification of the moss order Hypnales. J. Bryol., 34: 187-211. >>

  26. Degtjareva G.V., Logacheva M.D., Samigullin T.H., Terentieva E.I., Valiejo-Roman C.M. (2012) Organization of chloroplast psbA-trnH intergenic spacer in dicotyledonous angiosperms of the family umbelliferae. Biochem.-Moscow, 77 (9): 1056-1064. >>

  27. Melnikova M.N., Petrov N.B., Lomov A.A. la Porta N., Politov D.V. (2012) Testing of Microsatellite Primers with Different Populations of Eurasian Spruces Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Picea obovata Ledeb.. Russ. J. Genet., 48 (5): 562-566. >>

  28. Degtjareva G.V., Valiejo-Roman C.M., Samigullin T.H., Guara-Requena M., Sokoloff D.D. (2012) Phylogenetics of Anthyllis (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Loteae): Partial incongruence between nuclear and plastid markers, a long branch problem and implications for morphological evolution. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 62 (2): 693-707. >>

  29. Penin A.A., Logacheva M.D. (2011) Correlation between number and position of floral organs in Arabidopsis. Annals of Botany, 108 (1): 123-131.

  30. Kuravsky M.L., Aleshin V.V., Frishman D., Muronetz V.I. (2011) Testis-specific glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: origin and evolution. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 11: 160.

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